Thursday, November 28, 2019
Summary Dr Wilson book Hurt people hurt people; premise is as simple as the bookÃ¢â¬â¢s title. She shows how the process of hurting others is a cycle in that; Ã¢â¬Å"All of us have been hurt by people who all were hurt by other hurt people. In turn we-as hurt people-all have hurt other people to one degree or anotherÃ¢â¬ (Wilson, 2001). She also states that individuals learn child-like solutions to such issues as Ã¢â¬Å"trust, identity, and attachmentÃ¢â¬ where become rooted in an individual because of binding shame (Wilson. 2001) . Sadly many children have to learn to act in a defensive or dysfunctional way to survive the abuse at the hand of their family.Parents that tend to abuse where abused themselves and never got the needed emotional healing. Even though these survival techniques a child use to live through the abuse as a child serve a purpose it is when these same techniques carry over into an adults life that cause problems and negative behaviors, Dr. We will write a custom essay sample on Hurt People Hurt People-Wilson Review or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s model is summarized Ã¢â¬Å"making and consistently practicing new choices produce changesÃ¢â¬ (Wilson, 2001). She also see the need for GodÃ¢â¬â¢s Holy Spirit in the healing process but that we as GodÃ¢â¬â¢s creation have an individual choice and responsibility in the process of change. WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of change is cognitive behavioral as stated above in how ones choices are what produces change. She shares how one needs to first have a clear understanding of their brokenness that has caused the poor coping skills, and then recognizing the issues that need to be dealt with. It is from this new perspective in their thinking and behaviors that they can then begin to make new choices that will have a positive impact on present and future relationships. Wilson sees a balance in perspective when it comes to gaining insights and to the need to initiate and maintain their new behaviors in life.This is done in that one remembers the Ã¢â¬Å"difference between self-focus and self-awarenessÃ¢â¬ (Wilson, 2001). She also brings up a good point that Ã¢â¬Å"We wonÃ¢â¬â¢t know we can change what we donÃ¢â¬â¢t know we have chosenÃ¢â¬ (Wilson, 2001). Wilson also recognizes that individuals can develop a distorted view of God due to a poor relationship with their pare nts. Interesting is that a person can also put their unresolved hurt and pain onto God who wants and loves them deeply. Many abused and neglected children have a hard time understanding GodÃ¢â¬â¢s love.They have been conditioned to think that being beaten, yelled at, or ignored is how God the Father will then treat them. Wilson provides counselors and hurting individuals a framework in understanding and helping their clientÃ¢â¬â¢s heal from their emotional scars. It is easy to relate to Dr. Wilson because she is also sharing her own personal pain and hurt that God has helped her to heal. It is also vital to look at WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s view on the practice of forgiveness and how if an individual decides to ignore it, it can place a road block in their process of change. She believes that God speaks about forgiveness for the following reasons:Ã¢â¬ (1) we are all sinners with whom to relate so weÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to become skillful forgivers (2) God makes forgiveness a centerpiece of our healing process because living in un-forgiveness is so much worse (Wilson, 2001). Evaluation of the Strengths and Weaknesses One of the strength of WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s model to healing is that is simple to follow. She provides a model to help individuals address their unhealthy behaviors while looking at the trauma they have experience in their lives.In comparing her model to that of HawkinÃ¢â¬â¢s concentric circles she appears to be dealing the temporal systems (HawkinsÃ¢â¬â¢s , 2010). Even though she is addressing the healing of an individualÃ¢â¬Ës soul she believes that in order to heal one needs to look at the effects of issues address in the temporal systems. As the individual begins to work on the deep wounds in their heart and soul and begin to work towards psychological and spiritual health then it will lead towards having a healthier outlook and functioning in the different areas of the temporal systems.Dr Wilson has also developed an effective multitasking approach in counseling to help clientÃ¢â¬â¢s develop a positive self concept. Her model pulls together different perspectives within psychology, theology and spiritual perspective. Both Wilson and McMinn agree in that there is a need to develop a Ã¢â¬Å"healthy sense of selfÃ¢â¬ (McMinn, 1996). As an individual begins to work through their painful memories and their child-like view of others, God and themselves their sense of self, sense of need and healing relationships are then strengthened. (McMinn, 1996) Honestly as I read WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s book I had a hard time to find any weaknesses in her approach.She writes in a way that one can not only feel her heart but learn ways to begin their own spiritual and emotional healing. She makes you feel her heart, understanding, and genuine empathy. Some may feel though that her model is only going to be effective when working with Christians. I am not sure if I believe this to be true. I believe that she still gives one a working framework in working toward emotional healing. Personal Reflection and Application After reading Dr Wilson book I was able to see areas that I still need to experience emotional and spiritual healing.My current living situation is not the best environment to live in. I am carrying some emotional wounds from what has been said and done while I have lived her. Dr Wilson has helped me see the need in working on these feelings and emotions. Many times I become trapped in my negative messages that I tend me see that some of the same wounds as a child have reopened and how I need to begin to replay which Backus and Chapian addresses in their book. (Backus Chapian, 2000) Many abuse children learn to begin to believe the negative statements from their parents. One hurting thing that my father said to me was about my breast.God has never blessed me with big breast and one day my father said to me, Ã¢â¬Å"Why donÃ¢â¬â¢t you do to the gas station and ask them to fill them upÃ¢â¬ . This has caused me to be self conscious of my body. I am overly sensitive to how men in particular look at my breast. I have had to work on other positive features of my body to compensate how my breasts look. One other point that I feel is important is WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s statement : Ã¢â¬Å"If we refuse to conduct an honest investigation of the problem-laden harvest of our lives, none of us will face fears, release the tears, or spend the years necessary to get at the root issueÃ¢â¬ (Wilson, 2001). This statement is making me want to step back and conduct an honest and painful investigation on some of the issues I may have thought I have dealt with and ask the Holy Spirit to help me begin the process of letting go. The question I have also asked myself is if one that has been sexually, physically and emotionally abused ever receive a total healing. I have never allowed myself to get close to people and when I do and feel threatened I find ways of pushing them away. I have even done this in my personal relationship with Christ.
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Nicaragua essays In 1979, Managua, the capitol of Nicaragua, had its government overthrown by the leftist Sandinista rebels. Sandinista rule quickly produced its own excesses, resulting in civil war for most of the 1980s. The conflict ended in 1990. However, Sandinistas continue to maintain considerable influence in running the country, and Nicaraguans remain so divided that they are unable to resolve most economic and political issues. Nicaraguas economy has been a leading casualty of this turmoil, and for the past two decades, it has ranked as continental Middle Americas poorest (De Blij s poorest. Although not as devastated as neighboring Honduras, Nicaraguas struggle to rebuild much of the national infrastucture is yet another massive challenge piled upon its already formidable burdens (De Blij Nicaragua is one of the hemispheres poorest countries, with low per capita income, flagging socio-economic indicators, and huge external debt. Hurricane Mitch has put any hope Nicaragua had for economic reform on the back burner. Nicaragua sustained approximately $1 billion in damages. Hardest hit was the all-important agriculture sector, which is responsible for the majority of exports. As a result, the trade deficit hit roughly $900 million (Brunn, 1993). In addition, Nicaraguas unemployment hovers around 70 percent, the highest in Latin America. Nieghboring Costa Ricas per capita income is more than 10 times higher (Kaplan, 1984). Therefore, along with its position as a border country with a relatively high level of development, with respect to the rest of Central America, Costa Rica is one of the principal receptors of Nicaraguan migrations. Although the 1990 peace process diminished the armed conflict in Cent...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Discuss the risks and benefits of the human papilloma virus vaccine - Essay Example Gardasil, which is one of these drugs, is a tetravalent vaccine that was licensed in June 2006. The US Food and Drug Administration issued the license for this vaccine and its objective in doing so was to ensure that it would be administered to girls and women whose age was between nine to twenty Ã¢â¬â six years. This particular vaccine is being used in a few other nations. Another such vaccine is Cervarix, and these vaccines are expected to reduce the risk of HPV infection and other HPV Ã¢â¬â associated diseases, not only in the United States but also in other countries where cervical cancer prevention methods and Papanicolau or Pap smear Ã¢â¬â based investigative techniques are unavailable (Dempsey). The HPV vaccine, Gardasil, which is to be administered only to females of age nine to twenty Ã¢â¬â six years, is the first vaccine used for preventing cervical cancer. This vaccine is capable of preventing infections from HPV types 6, 11, 16, and 18, which cause nearly eighty percent of cervical cancers. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices or ACIP recommends Gardasil for females aged 9 to 26 years, before they engage in sexual activity and a three Ã¢â¬â dose vaccine is to be administered within a period of six months. The Gardasil vaccine can be administered along with MCV 4, Tdap and Td (Campos-Outcalt, 2006). In order to magnify the prospective benefits of the HPV vaccine, all adolescent members of the population should be administered the vaccination. Prototypical studies reveal that vaccinating only females does not result in any appreciable decline in the prevention of HPV in women. Female vaccination on its own would not be helpful to a significant extent in eradicating infections caused by HPV among women, because restriction of the vaccine to females would render its effect to curb such infections less effective by twenty Ã¢â¬â five to forty percent. This is a very significant
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
The Idea of God in Buddhism & Its Implications for Human Life - Essay Example While in some polytheist religions, the concept of God may differ slightly, but in all primary religions of the world, the God is one powerful being who has no partners and neither does he require any helpers to assist him in his numerous tasks. The concept of God does not exist in Buddhism well at least not in the same sense as what other religions of the world associate with as God. Buddhism does not deny the existence of supernatural beings but it disagrees with the theory that these supernatural beings (or Gods as referred to in many religions) have power for creation, salvation or judgment. Buddhism is not a single, unified religion but exists in a variety of forms. All these forms however have at least one thing in common: an emphasis above all on the transitory nature of human life as one knows it. Although in one's heart one may long for eternity the unavoidable fact is that humans are temporary beings, and true spirituality begins with acknowledging that. Towards the close of the sixth century BC there was a teacher who founded an order of yellow robed monks and nuns and was called by them the "Buddha," or "He who is awake or enlightened."1One knows little for certain about the historical facts of his life and teaching (Chen, 1968). The traditional stories about him were written much later and the Buddhist scriptures, which purport to give his teaching, are often of doubtful authenticity2. One can be reasonably sure of some things. His name was Siddharta Gautama (this is its Sanskrit form: Siddhattha Gotama in the dialect of the earliest Buddhist texts, Pali) and h e was the son of a chief of the Shakya tribe, which lived not far from the city of Kapilavastu. He became an ascetic and teacher and his doctrines attracted many disciples. He spent a long life teaching in the region north of the Ganges, and died around 486 BC at the age of eighty. For the rest one must be content with the stories told by his followers (Conze, 1959). Buddhism does not believe in an entity having a separate existence. An important aspect of Buddhism which is different from various other leading religions is that a follower of Buddhism does not exercise his followings to please a particular "God" on the other hand the followers or "Buddhists" as they like to be called follow the preaching's of Buddha to achiever a higher plain of existence for themselves without the necessary purpose of pleasing a creator. As per Buddhism every living thing has a dharma nature, which is basically enlightened nature that different all forms of life entail. Buddhism instils belief in the circle of life as per which life goes through birth, growth, decay and death. Life according to Buddhism focuses on forms that are in a continuous process of change and decay, which indicates that life is a just a phenomena in this magnificent religion. Nevertheless both religious and nonreligious individuals often agree on the fact that religion is all about the supernatural and that it is inseparable from belief in an external, personalised deity. Others believe that religion encourages escapist fantasies that cannot be established. The sudden increase in terrorism (which is wrongly given a religious
Monday, November 18, 2019
Consumer buying behaviour blogs and portfolio - Essay Example However certain experience annoys customers in context of purchasing a branded good or service. I usually preferred branded products because I thought money value of the brand is worthwhile. In terms of behavioural sciences of consumer behaviour it is clearly evident that psychological needs usually influence an individual to purchase a brand. I had a bitter experience with two well known brands Samsung and Levis. These two brands were my favourite and I was ready to pay premium prices for these brands. In my college days I used to wear Levis jeans because I felt that its quality or texture will not degrade. I was literally shocked when I saw my perception about the brand was totally wrong. There are two or three Levis outlets nearby my locality and I usually purchase jeans from these outlets from past many years. Recently some new sales person was hired in this retail outlet and they did not have friendly behaviour. I purchased two jeans and it was expensive but my shopping experien ce was more pathetic. None of the sales person in the outlet helped me to select the best product and I had to find the best fit for myself (Cheryl and Thuhang, 2007). This in turn had drawn a negative image about the brand in my mind. However after sales service of Levis jeans were worse because one of the jeans turned out to be of low quality and I had to return it back. I nearly spend half day resolving issue at the outlet since they were not ready for cash back. From that day I have decided that I will avoid any form of branded items. Samsung was another brand which had annoyed me to a great extent. I purchased an electronic item of Samsung few months back but it failed to deliver desired service level. On the other hand one of my friends had bought same electrical device from not so well known brand and it performed well. Customer perception is difficult to change since it is based on attitudes and beliefs.
Friday, November 15, 2019
Politics and government Ã¢â¬ËPolitics is synonymous with government and government alone. Discuss. Political analysts have long since been obsessed with the analysis of government in order to understand politics and even that government is politics. Hay admits, Ã¢â¬Å"political science is the rigorous and dispassionate science of government.Ã¢â¬ (Hay, 2005) I believe that although there is obviously a strong connection between politics and government they have been pushed far too close together in their understanding, to the extent that some declare them as one and the same, or synonymous. As Leftwich and Held put it, Ã¢â¬Å"By focusing on governmental institutions, the discipline of Politics marginalizes and provides little basis for understanding the very stuff of politics, that is, those deep-rooted problems that actually face us all daily as citizens.Ã¢â¬ (Leftwich and Held, 1984) There are an enormous number of definitions and variations on those definitions for the terms Ã¢â¬Ëpolitics and Ã¢â¬Ëgovernment. Depending on which are taken there can be arguments for and against politics being synonymous with government. For example Leftwich says that politics can be seen as, Ã¢â¬Å"the process of governingÃ¢â¬ (Leftwich, 2004) and Heywood says, Ã¢â¬Å"It is possible to have governance without government.Ã¢â¬ (Heywood, 2000) In light of this I feel it is necessary to start the discussion by pinning down a relevant definition for both terms and investigating how these terms interact with each other. Following with a look at how politics can exist in the public and private spheres as well as within civil society whereas government is confined to the public sphere and banished from civil society. I shall then turn my attention to the claim that politics is synonymous with government Ã¢â¬Ëalone. I will explore the idea that a government can exist without po litics, that politics can exist outside the reach of a government and even that politics is the seed from which government grows. From here I will move on to analyse the use of the word Ã¢â¬Ësynonymous in the given statement. I will argue that to pronounce politics as synonymous with government, which is to say it is interchangeable or even one and the same as government, is to use the wrong terminology. I will use the global issue of the environment to support why the word synonymous is inappropriate and suggest more appropriate language to describe the relationship between the two concepts. In order to analyse the connection between politics and government it is first vital to have an agreed definition of both concepts. Starting with the concept of government Crick offers us a broad definition, Ã¢â¬Å"Government The organization of a group of men in a given community for survival.Ã¢â¬ (Crick, 2005) We find a more explicit definition from Heywood, Ã¢â¬Å"Government is commonly understood to refer to the formal and institutional processes which operate at the national level to maintain order and facilitate collective action. The core functions of government are thus to make law (legislation), implement law (execution) and interpret law (adjudication).Ã¢â¬ (Heywood, 2000) From this we can take that there are some central elements that a government requires such as, a governing body; some source of income (taxation); a currency, i.e. a treasury and banking system; courts and a legal system to see that the laws are applied; a method of enforcing laws (police); and a m ilitary force to defend the interests of the government. If we apply these fundamental criteria of Ã¢â¬Ëgovernment to Ã¢â¬Ëpolitics we can see that none of them are crucial for the existence of politics, therefore Ã¢â¬Ëpolitics cannot be synonymous with, or one and the same as, Ã¢â¬Ëgovernment. Following on from this the question arises, if politics doesnt need these criteria to exist then what does it encompass? In its broadest sense Heywood describes politics as, Ã¢â¬Å"The activity through which people make, preserve and amend the general rules under which they live.Ã¢â¬ (Heywood, 2005) Hay (2005) gives a list, albeit non-exhaustive by his own admission, of twelve different Ã¢â¬Ësenses of the term politics. He notes that some of these define politics as narrow and some as broad; he also draws a distinction between politics as a function, process or arena. I will look at four of these definitions and apply them to the relationship between government and politics. In the first sense politics is seen as Ã¢â¬Å"Any and all social interaction occurring within the sphere of government.Ã¢â¬ (Hay, 2005) This is a very narrow definition and defines politics independently of content and only as the arena in which it occurs; in this sense politics and government are indeed synonymous. This has been a popular way of defining politics as it had, Ã¢â¬Å"the appeal of identifying unambiguously a set of political issues and a set of non-political issues.Ã¢â¬ (Hay, 2005) It also helped in defining political science as a, Ã¢â¬Å"field of scientific inquiryÃ¢â¬ (Hay, 2005) However Ã¢â¬Ëarena definitions of politics have become unpopular as they fail to acknowledge political issues that have yet to register on legislative agendas, Hay gives the example of, Ã¢â¬Å"the feminist concern with the patriarchal character of the nuclear family.Ã¢â¬ Hay, 2005) The fourth sense is, Ã¢â¬Å"Politics as the noble art of preserving a community of citizens (the Ã¢â¬Ërepublic) through the construction, pursuit and defence of the common or public interest.Ã¢â¬ (Hay, 2005) and is an example of politics as a function in which it specifically ensures, Ã¢â¬Å"The common or collective interest of the community.Ã¢â¬ (Hay, 2005) It could also be said for this definition of politics that it is also narrow but again provides a close synonymity with government. The third sense provides us with a view of politics as a process, Ã¢â¬Å"Politics as a public and formal set of processes and rituals through which the citizens of a state may participate, often at arms lengt h, in the process of government.Ã¢â¬ (Hay, 2005) Yet again this is a narrow explanation of politics and once more runs, more or less, parallel with the idea of government. It is towards the broader end of Hays list where we finally find sufficiently broad in context, but narrow in content, definitions of politics which allow a presentation of the disparity between politics and government. Ã¢â¬Å"The Ã¢â¬ËPolitical as an adjective to describe the motivations of participants and non-participants in a range of both formal and informal, public and private, processes where such motivations are political to the extent to which they reflect or express a view as to the legitimacy of the process.Ã¢â¬ (Hay, 2007) This brings to light how politics can exist in both the public and private spheres whereas government can only be located in the public sphere. Mnookin differentiates between what encompasses each sphere, Ã¢â¬Å"Activities that are presumptively outside the legitimate bounds of government coercion and regulation (the private sphere) and those where government has a legitimate role (the public sphere).Ã¢â¬ (Mnookin, 1982) And then as Hay and Marsh note when defining politics as a process, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËThe political may occur in any institutional and social environment, however mundane, however parochial.Ã¢â¬ (Hay and Marsh, 1999) This then touches on another area in which politics exists and government does not, civil society. Civil society is made up of civic and social organizations and institutions, Grugel cites Walzer as defining civil society as referring, Ã¢â¬Å"to the space between the individual and the state.Ã¢â¬ (Grugel, 2002) and furthers this by adding, Ã¢â¬Å"Civil society is crucial for democracy because it is the space between the public and private spheres where civic action takes place.Ã¢â¬ (Grugel, 2002) The main role of civil society is to hold the state, or government, accountable and to promote individual interest which may be seen as apolitical, pre-political or just totally overlooked by the state. Here we find our first indication that although intrinsically linked politics and government are also very much separate. Perhaps it can be said that if not synonymous with government politics could be synonymous with something else. The most likely candidate may well be that of power, which can be broadly defined as, Ã¢â¬Å"The ability to achieve a desired outcome.Ã¢â¬ (Heywood, 2000) This, it could be said, is the end goal of politics, as Leftwich and Held say, Ã¢â¬Å"politics is about power; about the forces which influence and reflect its distribution and use; and about the effect of this on resource use and distribution; it is about the Ã¢â¬Ëtransformative capacity of social agents, agencies and institutions: it is not about Government or government alone.Ã¢â¬ (Leftwich and Held, 1984) If we look now at how politics can exist exclusively of government we first turn to Heywoods fourth notion of politics in which Ã¢â¬Å"politics is about power: the ability to achieve a desired outcome, through whatever means.Ã¢â¬ (Heywood, 2005) From this we can identify that there are certain activities in the world that can lend themselves to the debate on the relationship between government and politics. On the contemporary world stage, especially since the terror attacks in 2001 and 2005 in the U.S, and U.K. respectively, there has been a great focus on terrorism and its related activities. Terrorism can be identified as a political tactic and in recent times has become a tool used by political groups all over the world. Many acts of terrorism have a political purpose, for example the attacks on the World Trade Centre in both 1993 and 2001 were political attacks on the part of the terrorist organization al-Qaeda. This has particular relevance to the relationship between politi cs and government as al-Qaeda openly have a political agenda yet crucially are not connected to any government. This would indicate that politics and political activity can, and do, exist outside of government. Consequently if politics exists separately outside of government then logically it cannot be synonymous with government. There can also be evidence for the existence of government without politics. As Crick writes, Aristotle believes that when a polis, which can be defined in modern terms as a community, becomes unified it ceases to be a political community. Crick supports this by stating, Ã¢â¬Å"Politics arises from accepting the fact of the simultaneous existence of different groups, hence different interests and different traditions.Ã¢â¬ (Crick, 2005) If we scan for a Ã¢â¬Ëunified community that has a Ã¢â¬Ëgovernment we can find examples in dictatorships; a dictator makes the decisions and everyone else Ã¢â¬Ëagrees or is made to Ã¢â¬Ëagree. As U.S. General George Patton once said, Ã¢â¬Å"When everyone agrees, someone is not thinking.Ã¢â¬ So in a dictatorship there is no politics, as there is no need for conciliation between groups, but a government does exist. This adds more evidence to the case that politics is not synonymous with government otherwise politics would have to exist with in a dictatorship where it simply does not. So if it cannot be said that politics is totally synonymous with government yet there is clearly a high degree of interconnectedness between them, what is the best way to conceptualise their relationship? I suggest that the connection they share is that of Ã¢â¬Ëlogical progression. We have seen, with the example of terrorism, how politics can exist without government, we have also seen how government can exist without politics using dictatorships as an example and we can take it as read that they can exist together given the numerous examples worldwide such as the U.K. or U.S. It is this cohabitation though that I will use to show that the term synonymous is an inaccurate way to describe the relationship between politics and government. In most, if not all, cases of politics and government existing in the same state or community, it seems that politics came first and laid the seeds for government to follow and not vice versa . I will take the issues of the environment to look close r at this claim. The heavily amplified focus on all things environmental e.g. carbon footprints and global warming, over the past few years has been clear for everyone to see. One of the interesting things this has thrown into the political arena is global communities lobbying around political issues and the resulting effects on governance around the world. Some, including Clark et al (1998), say that a global civil society is slowly emerging through the increasing size, diversity and networking of international non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) Ã¢â¬Å"We do find evidence that the construction of a global society is under way but is far from complete.Ã¢â¬ (Clark et al (1998). The most recent boom of environmental lobbying, it can be said, has come about due to the effects of globalization, as Eigen states, Ã¢â¬Å"Thinking in historic dimensions, civil society is a fairly new force on the global landscape.Ã¢â¬ (Eigen, 1998) Issues that were previously thought of as local are becoming far more easily identifiable as spanning regions, countries and even the globe. The size, cause and effect of these environmental issues is also far more transparent than ever before, this has come through the increase in technologies, not least the internet, and their power to shrink the world. More people can interact with a larger number of people and have more access to a greater amount of information than ever before. Now that small groups of people can be members of political communities or NGOs that span countries, continents and the globe, there became a requirement for some sort of increased governance above the state in reaction to the pressure of the lobbyists. O ne of the main organizations to deal with international governance is the United Nations (U.N.) and so it is them who have been at much of the forefront of interaction with, and the progression of, international NGOs. Along with governmental changes at the international level, such as, Ã¢â¬Å"New rules facilitating NGO access and participation [at U.N. conferences]Ã¢â¬ (Clark et al 1998) international NGOs have affected changes at a domestic level also. In October 2008 the U.K. government created a new department entitled Ã¢â¬ËThe Department of Energy and Climate Change in order to address the energy and environmental issues being raised by the global community. One of their three overall objectives is to, Ã¢â¬Å"achieve an international agreement on climate change at Copenhagen in December 2009.Ã¢â¬ This refers to the U.N. Copenhagen Climate Conference at which world leaders will gather to discuss and, hopefully, come to some decisions on the actions that can realistically be taken to combat global climate change. This shows that international NGOs and international communities have caused a rise in the level of governance and government activity on the domestic and world stage. Thus an increase in Ã¢â¬Ëpolitics has led to the growing and even emergence of Ã¢â¬Ëgovernment activity. This supports the theory that politics comes before, or at least progresses, government when they co-exist in a community. Government is the logical progression of politics. As I have tried to show it can be claimed that politics is synonymous with government, but only if particular definitions are used, definitions that many would argue to be out of date and largely unattached to the contemporary way of thinking about real world politics. After this I very briefly touched on the concept of power and how it is possibly a more suitable candidate to be described as synonymous with politics. I have also demonstrated how politics can exist separately to government using the example of terrorism and specifically the terrorist group al-Qaeda. Along side this I explained how, in certain situations such as dictatorships, government can be present without politics by its side. This was followed closely by a look at how the term synonymous fails to wholly capture the type of relationship that exists between the concepts of government and politics. There was then a suggestion of an alternative term, Ã¢â¬Ëlogical progression, which attempts to unravel the complica ted links between politics and government. I think it would be detrimental to politics to couple it so closely with government that they become all but interchangeable terms. This is not a slight on all things governmental but rather recognition that the disillusioned public can only become more disenchanted and cynical towards politics if a clear distinction is not made between it and the seemingly ever more Ã¢â¬Ëuntrustworthy and Ã¢â¬Ëelite world of Ã¢â¬ËThe Government. Bibliography Clark, A.M. et al (1998) The Sovereign Limits of Global Civil Society: A Comparison of NGO Participation in UN World Conferences on the Environment, Human Rights, and Women, World Politics, Vol. 51, No. 1, 1-35. Crick, B. (2005) In Defence of Politics (Fifth Edition), Continuum. Department of Energy and Climate Change (2008) About Us [online] Available: http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/about/about.aspx [accessed 14 November 2009] Eigen, P. (1998) The Role of Civil Society, in UNDP, Corruption and Integrity Improvement Initiatives in Developing Countries, 83-89. Gamble, A. (1990) Theories of British Politics, Political Studies, Vol. 38, 404-420. Gibbs, J. (1989) Conceptualization of Terrorism, American Sociological Review, Vol. 54, No. 3, 329-340. Grugel, J. (2002) Democratization: A Critical Introduction, Palgrave Macmillan. Hay, C. (2002) Political analysis: A Critical Introduction, Palgrave. Hay, C. (2007) Politics, Participation and Politicization, Why We Hate Politics, 61-85, 165-166, Polity Press. Hay, C. and Marsh, D. (1999) Introduction: Towards a new (international) political economy? New Political Economy, Vol. 4, No. 1, 5 22. Heywood, A. (2000) Key Concepts in Politics, Palgrave Macmillan. Leftwich, A (2004) Thinking Politically: On the Politics of Politics, What is politics? : The activity and its study, 1-22, Polity Press. Leftwich, A. and Held, D. (1984) A discipline of politics? What is Politics?: the Activity and its Study, 139-159, W. Heffer Sons. Mnookin, R. (1982) The Public/Private Dichotomy: Political Disagreement and Academic Repudiation, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 130, No. 6, 1429-1440. Saurin, J. (1996) International relations, social ecology and the globalisation of environmental change, The environment and international relations, Vogler, J. Imber, M. (eds.), 77-98, Routledge Steinberger, P. (1999) Public and Private, Political Studies, Vol. 47, 292-313. von BÃ ¼low, M. (2009) World leaders: Legally binding treaty out of reach in Copenhagen [online] Available: http://en.cop15.dk/news/view+news?newsid=2599 [accessed 16 November 2009] von BÃ ¼low, M. (2009) The essentials in Copenhagen [online] Available: http://en.cop15.dk/news/view+news?newsid=876 [accessed 16 November 2009]
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
Yahoo! - The Internet Search Engine Yahoo! is my search engine of choice. In this paper I will discuss why I personally choose Yahoo! as my search engine and what I found out about the company. First, I choose Yahoo! for several reasons. The first reason being that is my laptops' home page. I find it a lot easier to search for something without searching for a different search engine. Second, I have heard good things about Yahoo! and I know that many of my classmates also use Yahoo!. The results that I get back when doing a search are usually adequate and I will ultimately use the results. I did however, compare this search engine with MSN. I found that Yahoo! was much better in presenting facts about their company in a user friendly manner. For MSN it was difficult to even find the information requested in this assignment. For this assignment finding how the company acquires information was rather easy although it never came right out and stated how. How it organizes the information when putting in a search request was never found but I do have some...